.38 Special is a centerfire revolver cartridge designed by Smith & Wesson in 1898. It is one of the most popular handgun cartridges in the world and is widely used for self-defense, target shooting, and hunting.
The .38 Special cartridge is typically loaded with a 125- to 158-grain bullet and has a muzzle velocity of around 800 to 900 feet per second, depending on the load. It is known for its versatility and effectiveness, as well as its relatively low recoil and ease of use.
The .38 Special cartridge is compatible with a wide range of revolvers, and is commonly used for self-defense, law enforcement, and target shooting. It is also popular among hunters, particularly for small game and varmint hunting.
In addition to the standard .38 Special cartridge, there are also several variations available, including the .38 Special +P, which provides increased velocity and energy transfer, and the .357 Magnum, which is a more powerful cartridge that is compatible with certain firearms chambered for the .38 Special.
Overall, the .38 Special cartridge is known for its versatility, reliability, and effectiveness, making it a popular choice for a wide range of shooting applications.